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Disable an ASP.NET button during PostBack with AJAX loading background image

Disable submit button after user click | Disabling an ASP.NET Button when Clicked | Disable an ASP.NET button after clicking | Page_IsValid is undefined - JavaScript error message

Disable an ASP.NET button during PostBack with AJAX loading background image

 

There are times when our applications might take an extra few seconds to respond to a click event. Some users might get impatient and click on the button more than once. We can easily avoid this type of situation by disabling the submit button during PostBack on the page by using a client side script. In this article, I will share with everyone on how to:

  1. Disable the button during PostBack with or without the present of validation control

  2. Change the button text value during PostBack

  3. Include an AJAX loading background image during PostBack

  4. How I avoided the 'Page_IsValid is undefined' JavaScript error

Before we begin, allow me to show you the structure of my project. You are welcome to download this demo.

 Projext structure
Demo 1 – Without Validation Control

Here is the content of the Jscript.js

function disableBtn(btnID, newText) {

    var btn = document.getElementById(btnID);
        setTimeout("setImage('"+btnID+"')", 10);
        btn.disabled = true;
        btn.value = newText;
}

function setImage(btnID) {
    var btn = document.getElementById(btnID);
    btn.style.background = 'url(12501270608.gif)';
}

Here is part of the Default.aspx page content.

<table>        
             <tr>
                <td></td>
                <td>                 
                     <asp:button id="btnOne" tabIndex="0" Runat="server" Text="Submit"
                        onclick="btnOne_Click" 
                        OnClientClick="disableBtn(this.id, 'Submitting...')" 
                        UseSubmitBehavior="false" />               
                </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td colspan="2">
                    <asp:Label ID="Label3" runat="server" Text=""></asp:Label></td>
            </tr>
        </table>

<script type="text/javascript" src="JScript.js"></script> 

In this page, I have a button and a label control. Let take a closer look at the button attributes.

OnClientClick="disableBtn(this.id, 'Submitting...')" - Calls the JavaScript function by passing in the button ID and the new text value that I want it to display on click.

UseSubmitBehavior="false" - Indicates that the button control should use the ASP.NET postback mechanism instead of client browser's submit mechanism ( UseSubmitBehavior Property )

For testing, I included these lines in the default.aspx.cs

protected void btnOne_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        Thread.Sleep(2000);
        Label3.Text = DateTime.Now.ToLongTimeString();
    }


Here how's the button will look like when someone click on it.

 on click Demo 1 Output

Demo 2 – With Validation Control

Here is the output from Default2.aspx

 Demo 2 aspx page

Ops... The button is still disabled after it failed the validation process. Let modify the JavaScript to fix this problem.

 Demo 2 aspx page 2

Here is the content of the new JavaScript with comments– Jscript2.js 08/14/2009 - I found out that, in Firefox, if we hit the button and continue to the next page, and then hit the back button (or javascript:history(-1);)... the button control is still disabled. I have updated the JavaScript(JScript2) to enable the button onunload for browser other than IE

10/12/2009 - I have updated the JavaScript(JScript2) to prevent double validation.

11/14/2009 - Fix bug mentioned by CodeProject user, prodriguez13. The JavaScript will throw an error when the control to validate is not visible. To remedy this problem, I have added DisableValidators function and trigger it on onload event. This function is responsible to disable all the validators where controltovalidate is null.
* I have received several requests on getting this script to work with Image button. I managed to put together a solution for it. Let me know if you find any bugs.
* Tested on IE 7.0/8.0, FireFox, image is not showing on Google Chrome, maybe someone can shed some light on this.

   
function ResetToDefault(btn, oldValue) {
    btn.disabled = false;
    btn.value = oldValue;
}
//browser properties
var Browser = {
    Version: function() {
        var version = 999;
        if (navigator.appVersion.indexOf("MSIE") != -1) {
            version = parseFloat(navigator.appVersion.split("MSIE")[1]); return version;
        }
    },
    Name: navigator.appName,
    isIE: function() {
        if (navigator.appVersion.indexOf("MSIE") != -1) {
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }
};

//Handle Page_Validators is not defined error
//http://www.velocityreviews.com/forums/t88987-pagevalidators-error.html
function HasPageValidators() {
    var hasValidators = false;
    try {
        if (Page_Validators.length > 0) {
            hasValidators = true;
        }
    }
    catch (error) { }

    return hasValidators;
}


function SetImage(btn) {

    if (btn.type == "image") {
        btn.src = null;
        btn.style.width = '100px';
        btn.style.height = '20px';
        btn.style.backgroundImage = 'url(http://images.ysatech.com/ajax-loader.gif)';
    }
    else {
        //somehow backgroundImage not working with IE 7
        if (Browser.isIE() && Browser.Version() === 7) {
            btn.style.background = 'url(http://images.ysatech.com/ajax-loader.gif)';
        }
        else {
            btn.style.backgroundImage = 'url(http://images.ysatech.com/ajax-loader.gif)';
        }
    }
}

//enable the button and restore the original text value for browsers other than IE
function EnableOnUnload(btn, btnText) {
    if (!Browser.isIE()) {
        window.onunload = function() {
            ResetToDefault(btn, btnText);
        };
    }
}

//check if the validator have any control to validate
function EnableValidator(validator) {
    var controlToValidate = document.getElementById(validator.controltovalidate);

    if (controlToValidate !== null) {
        // alert(controlToValidate.id);
        ValidatorEnable(validator);
        return true;
    }
    ValidatorEnable(validator, false);

    return false;
}

function disableBtn(btnID, newText) {
    var btn = document.getElementById(btnID);
    var oldValue = btn.value;
    btn.disabled = true;
    btn.value = newText;
    
    //if validator control present
    if (HasPageValidators()) {

        Page_IsValid = null;

        //http://sandblogaspnet.blogspot.com/2009/04/calling-validator-controls-from.html
        //double check, if validator not null
        if (Page_Validators !== 'undefined' && Page_Validators !== null) {
            //Looping through the whole validation collection.
            for (var i = 0; i < Page_Validators.length; i++) {

                var validator = Page_Validators[i];

                //check if control to validate is enable 
                if (EnableValidator(validator)) {

                    if (!Page_Validators[i].isvalid) { //if not valid
                        ResetToDefault(btn, oldValue); //break;
                    }
                }
            }

            //   else { //if valid
            var isValidationOk = Page_IsValid;

            alert('isValidationOk ' + isValidationOk);

            EnableOnUnload(btn, btn.value);
            if (isValidationOk !== null) {
                if (isValidationOk) {
                    SetImage(btn);
                    __doPostBack(btnID, '');
                    // break;
                }
                else { //page not valid
                    btn.disabled = false;
                }
            }
            //  }
            
        }
    }
    else { //regular, no validation control present
        // setTimeout("SetImage('" + btn + "')", 5);
        SetImage(btn);
        btn.disabled = true; btn.value = newText;
        EnableOnUnload(btn, btn.value);
    }
}

//disable those validators where controltovalidate = null
function DisableValidators() {
    //this will get rid of the Page_Validators is undefined error
    if (typeof (Page_Validators) === 'undefined')
        return;
        
    if (Page_Validators !== 'undefined' && Page_Validators !== null) {
        for (var i = 0; i < Page_Validators.length; i++) {
            var validator2 = Page_Validators[i];
            var controlToValidate2 = document.getElementById(validator2.controltovalidate);
            if (controlToValidate2 === null) {
                ValidatorEnable(validator2, false);
            }
        }
    }
    return false;
}

window.onload = DisableValidators;

Output using the new JavaScript

 Demo 2 aspx page 2  Demo 2 aspx output 3
 Demo 2 aspx output 4

Conclusion:

The main items in this project were the JavaScript (Jscript2) and the button attributes (OnClientClick, UseSubmitBehavior)

I hope someone will find this tutorial useful. If you think I still can improve this code, please leave me a feedback and share your thought.

Tested on IE 6.0/7.0 and Firefox 3.0.2

Watch this Script in action